## Rural Stat Sources

**Charts: Population, Per Capita Income, Median Household Income**

From: 2008 Maryland Statistical Handbook, released June 2009 by the Maryland Department of Planning.

- Notes on Population: To determine regional populations, the population totals for each county in that region was added together; To determine how much of the state’s population each county and region represents, the total population of each county and each region were divided by the total state population.
- Notes on Per Capita and Median Household: To determine the average income for each region, the median income of each county in the region was added together and divided by the number of counties in each region. (i.e., Allegany$ + Garrett$ +Washington$ divided by 3 = regional average income)

**Chart: Age of Population (Percent under age 18; Percent age 65 or older)**

From: Maryland Vital Statistics Annual Reports, 2001 to 2008. Table 2A: Estimated Maryland Total Population by Age Group, Region and Political Subdivision. (Page 58 in each issue).

- Notes on Population Under 18: The number of people under age 18 for each county was compiled by adding the three age groups: (1) Under age 1; (2) age 1 to 4; and (3) age 5 to 17. The percentage of the population in each county under 18 was determined by dividing those totals by the total population, as shown on the chart. To determine the percentage for the region, the total of the three age groups for each county were added together and divided by the total number of people in those counties.
- Notes on Population Over 65: The number of people age 65 or over are shown on the chart. To determine the percentage of each county, that number was divided by the total county population. To determine the percentage for the region, the total number of people age 65 or over for each county in the region were added together and divided by the total number of people in those counties.

**Chart: Median Sales Values for Residential Sales (Home Values)**

Data collected from the Maryland Department of Planning, Planning Data Services. Data made available for years 2002-2007. No data provided for 2000-2001. Data provided by county- the data used here were for single-family home sales. Values for each region are found from an average of the median sales values in each county that is a part of the region.

**Chart: Unemployment**

From: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics. Number are not seasonally adjusted *Notes on Unemployment:*

- The annual labor force and unemployment figures were pulled for each county for each year from 2000 to 2008. The number of unemployed in the county was divided by the total number in the labor force to get the county annual’s unemployment rate.
- To determine the regional average, the annual labor force and unemployment figures for each county in the region were added together, with the total unemployed divided by the total labor force to get the regional unemployment rate.

**Chart: Poverty Rates**

From: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Estimates Branch

* Notes on Poverty Rates:* The annual poverty rates for each county were pulled from 2003 to 2008. To determine the regional average, the total number of people in each county who are below the poverty level needed to be determined. In Allegany County, for instance, the poverty rate (i.e, 15.5%) was multiplied by the population (72,238) to get the number of people in poverty (i.e., 11,052.) That computation was done for each county. Then, the total number of people in poverty in the region was divided by the total population in the region to get to the regional rate.

**Charts: Heart Disease, Accidents, Diabetes**

From: Maryland Vital Statistical Handbooks, each year for 2000 to 2008, produced by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Table 49. Death Rates for the Ten Leading Causes by Region and Political subdivision

**Chart: Chronic Drinking**

From: Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MBRFSS)*

*Notes:* Chronic drinking is defined as men having more than two drinks per day; women who have one drink per day. To determine the regional totals, the number of people who responded “yes” in each county in the region were added together and divided by the total number of people taking the survey in each county in the region. See note below about BBRFSS.

**Chart: Obesity and Overweight:**

From: Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MBRFSS)*

*Notes:* County data combines both those who indicated they are overweight and those who are obese, based on Body Mass Index. That total of those two is divided by the total number of respondents to get the county percentage. County totals are added together to get regional totals; the total number of respondents in a region are divided by the total number who indicated they are overweight/obese to get the regional average. See note below about BBRFSS.

**Chart: Adult Smoking**

From: Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System*

*Notes:* County data combines both those who indicated they currently smoke every day and those who indicated they currently smoke some days. That total of those two is divided by the total number of respondents to get the county percentage. County totals are added together to get regional totals; the total number of respondents in a region are divided by the total number who indicated they are current smokers to get the regional average. See note below about BBRFSS.

***About the Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MBRFSS):**

The MBRFSS is a survey based on statistical sampling and weighted averages. BRFSS data is aggregated, meaning that if 50 people were interviewed, the data is aggregated to determine how that would be representative of the whole county. That aggregate number is used in these graphs. The BRFSS notes that the threshold for reliability is 50 respondents. Several counties had fewer than 50 respondents in some areas; however, those aggregate totals are included here for illustration purposes only as this is the only statewide data available by a state agency. Viewers requiring precise information for specific purposes are referred to the actual results of the MBRFSS at: http://www.marylandbrfss.org